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Thread: A Greek-English Lexicon (LSJM)

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    Default A Greek-English Lexicon (LSJM)

    What is the difference between A Greek-English Lexicon (LSJM) and "Liddell-Scott Greek Lexicon Abridged" that comes with BW10?

  2. #2
    Join Date
    Mar 2009


    LSJM is the unabridged Liddell-Scott-Jones, with the 1996 supplement. Basically it would be like the difference between a Webster's Unabridged dictionary and a Webster's Collegiate dictionary.

    As a sample, here is the entry for ὅπλον in the Abridged LSJ:
    31051 ὅπλον, ὍΠΛΟΝ, ὅπλον
    ὍΠΛΟΝ, τό, a tool, implement, mostly in pl.:
    I. a ship's tackle, tackling, Od., Hes.: esp. ropes, Od., Hdt.:-in sing. a rope, Od.
    II. tools, of smiths' tools, Hom.:-in sing., ὅπλον ἀρούρης a sickle, Anth.; δείπνων ὅπλον, of a wine-flask, Id.
    III. in pl., also, implements of war, arms, Il., etc.:-rarely in sing., a weapon, Hdt., Eur.
    2. in Att., ὅπλον was the large shield, from which the men-at-arms took their name of ὁπλῖται, Ar., Thuc., etc.:-then, in pl., heavy arms, Hdt., Att.; ὅπλων ἐπιστάτης = ὁπλίτης, Aesch.; whence,
    3. ὅπλα, = ὁπλῖται, men-at-arms, Soph., Thuc., etc.
    4. τὰ ὅπλα, also, the place of arms, camp, Hdt., Xen.; ἐκ τῶν ὅπλων προϊέναι Thuc.
    5. phrases, ἐν ὅπλοισι εἶναι to be in arms, under arms, Hdt.; εἰς τὰ ὅπλα παραγγέλλειν Xen.; ἐφ᾽ ὅπλοις or παρ᾽ ὅπλοις ἧσθαι Eur.; μένειν ἐπὶ τοῖς ὅπλοις Xen.; ὅπλα τίθεσθαι, v. τίθημι A. 1. 7.

    Here's the entry for the same word in LSJM:
    40216 ὅπλον,
    * ὅπλον, τό, tool, implement, mostly in pl., like ἔντεα, τεύχεα: (prob. from ἕπω A): I. a ship's tackle, tackling, Hom. (only in Od.), 2.390, al., Hes.Op.627; esp. ropes, halyards, etc., δησάμενοι δ᾽ ἄρα ὅπλα Od. 2.430, etc.; in which sense Hom. twice uses the sg., rope, 14.346, 21.390: generally, any ropes, Hdt.7.25, 9.115, Hp.Art.78.
    II. tools, strictly so called, in Hom. esp. of smiths' tools, Il.18.409, 412; in full, ὅπλα χαλκήϊα Od.3.433: in sg., ὅπλον ἀρούρης sickle, AP6.95 (Antiphil); ὅπλον γεροντικόν staff, Call.Epigr.1.7; δείπνων ὅπλον ἑτοιμότατον, of the wine-flask, AP6.248 (Marc.Arg.).
    III. in pl., also, implements of war, arms and armour, Hom. (only in Il.), αὐτὰρ ἐπεὶ πάνθ᾽ ὅπλα κάμε, of the arms of Achilles, 18.614, cf. 19.21; ὅπλοισιν ἔνι δεινοῖσιν ἐδύτην 10.254, 272; so in Pi.N.8.27, IG12.1.9, E.Hec. 14, etc.: rarely in sg., weapon, οὐδέ τι ἀρήϊον ὅπλον ἐκτέαται Hdt.4.23, cf. 174, E.HF161, 570, 942, Pl.R.474a, X.Cyr.7.4.15; ποτὶ πονηρὸν οὐκ ἄχρηστον ὅπλον ἁ πονηρία [Epich.]275; piece of armour, D.S.3.49.
    2. the large shield, from which the men-at-arms took their name of ὁπλῖται (εἰκόνα γραπτὴν ἐν ὅπλῳ IG22.1012.18 (ii B.C.), cf. IGRom.4.1302.35 (Cyme, i b.c./i a.d.), Th.7.75, D.S.15.44, 17.18); ὅπλον στύππινον IG11(2).203 B99 (Delos, iii B.C.): metaph., τῆς πενίας ὅπλον ἡ παρρησία Nicostr.Com.29; ὅ. μέγιστον. .ἁρετὴ βροτοῖς Men. Mon.433, cf. 619.
    3. in pl., also, heavy arms, Hdt.9.53; ὅπλων ἐπιστάτης, = ὁπλίτης, opp. κώπης ἄναξ, A.Pers.379; ὁ πόλεμος οὐχ ὅπλων τὸ πλέον ἀλλὰ δαπάνης Th.1.83; ὅπλα παραδοῦναι Id.4.69; ὅπλα ἀποβάλλειν Ar.V.27, etc.
    4. ὅπλα, = ὁπλῖται, men-at-arms, πολλῶν μεθ᾽ ὅπλων S.Ant.115 (lyr.): and freq. in Prose, ἐξέτασιν ὅπλων ποιεῖσθαι to have a muster of the men-at-arms, Th.4.74, etc.; ὁ ἐπὶ τῶν ὅπλων στρατηγός, opp. ὁ ἐπὶ τῆς διοικήσεως, Decr.ap.D.18.38, Decr.ib. 115; χειροτονηθεὶς ἐπὶ τὰ ὅ. πρῶτος. .στρατηγός IG22.682.44 (iii B.C.); στρατηγεῖν ἐπὶ τὰ ὅ. SIG697 E (Delph., ii B.C.), etc.
    5. τὰ ὅ. the place of arms, camp, ἦλθεν εἰς τὰ ὅ. Lys.13.12, cf. X.Cyr.7.2.5, etc.; ἐκ τῶν ὅ. προϊέναι Th.1.111, cf. 3.1.
    6. Phrases: ἐνέδυνον (v.l. ἐνέδυντο) τὰ ὅ. Hdt.7.218, etc.; ἐν ὅπλοισι εἶναι or γενέσθαι to be in arms, under arms, Id.1.13, cf. E.Ba.303, Th.6.56; ἐν ὄπλοισι [ἰππομ] άχεντας Sapph.Supp.5.19; ἐν ὅπλοις μάχεσθαι Pl.Grg.456d; ἡ ἐν τοῖς ὅπλοις μάχη Id.Lg.833e; ποιῆσαι ἐξέτασιν ἐν ὅπλοις Decr.ap.Arist.Ath.31.2; εἰς τὰ ὅ. παραγγέλλειν X.An.1.5.13; ἐφ᾽ ὅπλοις or παρ᾽ ὅπλοις ἧσθαι, E.Supp.674,357; μένειν ἐπὶ τοῖς ὅπλοις X.Cyr.7.2.8; for ὅπλα ῥίπτειν, ἀφιέναι, κατατίθεσθαι, v. sub vocc.; for ὅπλα τίθεσθαι, v. τίθημι.
    IV. of the arms possessed by animals for self-defence, [τὸν ἄνθρωπον] οὐκ ἔχοντα ὅπλον πρὸς τὴν ἀλκήν Arist.PA687a25, cf. b4, al.
    V. membrum virile, Nic. Fr.74.30, APl.4.242 (Eryc.), Hsch.
    VI. a gymnastic exercise, the last which came on in the games, Artem.1.63. [pg 1240]
    Last edited by DavidR; 07-03-2017 at 06:19 PM.
    David Rensberger
    Atlanta, Georgia

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