View Full Version : Targum extras or typos?

Ben Spackman
10-01-2004, 07:42 PM
I started my targum class today (just me and the professor :eek: We're starting in Genesis, and using Sperber's edition of Targum Onkelos with Babylonian vocalisation. Really takes some getting used to. As I was going through the BW/cal version, I noticed some odd repetitions.

v.7 ly[lmd l[;ymed>
v.2 abvntm ab'vn:m.

Are these supposed to be there?

10-01-2004, 08:17 PM
Sounds like an intense class, Ben!

Here's what I can find:

The raw text that was used for the CAL and Targum text as found in BibleWorks is found at the following site:

The lexical data can be seen by following the links for each verse.

Looking at the site above, it looks like there are "hash marks" surrounding the duplications with a "3" following the variant indicating a certain variant that is found in Sperber's text. (I'm at home, so I can't look at Sperber, but on the following link, the folks at CAL state that the 3 indicates one of Sperber's variants: http://cal1.cn.huc.edu/cgi-bin/showtexts.cgi?keyword=51001.)

This brings up an issue: It seems that the "apparatus" found throughout the CAL that demarcates variants in Onkelos is missing in the BibleWorks text. These markings are relatively important editorially, and should in some way be indicated. Perhaps they could be given brackets and parentheses similar to the Kethib Qere readings in the WTT. The mixing of Arabic numerals (e.g. 1, 2 or 3) with the Aramaic block script used in BWHebb was problematic when I helped compile Neofiti--I used aleph for 1, beth for 2, etc. I also used exclamation points to demarcate the variants.

Perhaps something could be done that would bring attention to these variants in a similar way so that the reader can rest assured that he or she is not seeing double! Something already has been done! See my next reply for instructions on how to turn on color files to show variants in the Targum files!

10-01-2004, 09:42 PM
Recently the folks at BibleWorks informed me that the Targum variants found in the CAL texts are already marked using pre-set coloring files.

To turn it on:

Go to Tools.
Select Text Highlighter... (a dialog box will appear; see attachment, TextHighlighter.JPG (http://www.bibleworks.com/forums/attachment.php?attachmentid=49&stc=1)).
In the drop-down list of 3-letter version id's select TAR.
Check off the check box next to "tar" in the white window.
Check off the check box at the top of the dialog box that says "Enable color."
Go to Genesis 1:2, 7 or whatever other verse where a variant may be and you will find different colors given for different variants (see ColoredTar.JPG (http://www.bibleworks.com/forums/attachment.php?attachmentid=48&stc=1)).

It is probably a good idea to consult the CAL (http://cal1.cn.huc.edu/targumbrowse.html) website for any specific information pertaining to the source of the variant. It looks as if Sperber's text (http://www.brill.nl/product_id22344.htm) was the source of CAL's so any info he provides would be essential as well.

I also found in the BibleWorks help files documentation about the variant encoding:

The CAL Project files have a rather complex variant marking system. We have attempted to cary as much of this over as possible into BibleWorks using standard BibleWorks terminology. In a string of variants the first variant is marked with the <...Rk> tag, which usually means a "Kethib" reading. Subsequent variants are marked with the <...Rq> tagem which is usually used for a "Qere" reading. In addition to this the variants are identified with new coding tags in the TAM text. V1, V2, V3, V4, and V5 indicate the variant number in a series of variants. So "V1" and "Rk" will always appear together. To have the "Rq" variants and the V2 through V5 tags visible to the search engine you will need to enable both qere and kethib settings in the Setup | Option Flags | General Hebrew Options.
An "editorial" tag has also been added to mark editorial changes. "...Ea..." marks text added by the editor (angle brackets are used in the CAL text) and "...Eb..." marks text deleted by the editor (curly braces are used in the CAL text).
As in the WTM Rx, Vx and Ex are used as placeholders so the coding scheme can be fixed-field.
This means that if you want, you can search on a particular variant and create your own coloring files by searching in the TAM with something like this in the command line:


This would find all the editorial changes made by the CAL/Sperber(?) enclosed in angle brackets.

Is this a cool program or what?

Ben Spackman
10-02-2004, 02:22 PM
I have the file, but enabling it (following your instructions) doesn't do anything... :confused:

Philip Brown
10-02-2004, 02:37 PM
Hi, Ben,

Open the Color Filter and Text Highlighter dialog and make sure that the Enable Color box at the top is checked.

That should do it for you.

10-02-2004, 04:31 PM
The help files do have information about the Targum variants. See my edited post above.

Ben Spackman
10-02-2004, 06:06 PM
I uninstalled and reinstalled the TAR and TAM files, and the coloring promptly appeared. Should have thought of that first... :rolleyes: