27 The BibleWorks Manuscript Project

The BibleWorks Manuscript Project

Software Tools

Project Participants

Available Manuscripts


The BibleWorks Manuscript Project


BibleWorks contains a number of new transcriptions of important Greek New Testament manuscripts. The transcriptions are compiled and fully searchable just like any other Bible version. Each transcription is accompanied by a full set of images with verse location tags. The transcriptions are viewed in the Browse Window just like any other Bible version. Corrector changes are implemented in separate Bible versions. 


The BibleWorks Manuscripts Project began in 2004. The long term goal of the project is to provide new transcriptions of the most frequently cited Greek New Testament manuscripts and to accompany them with manuscript images with verse locations tagged. The transcriptions are to be tagged morphologically and fully searchable in BibleWorks. Another major goal is to provide a set of tools to assist in the analysis and collation of the manuscripts. The work has progressed far more slowly than we had originally hoped but in BibleWorks 9 we are pleased to provide the first offering of seven manuscripts. Tagging is complete only on one manuscript but the work will continue over time.  


Software Tools


BibleWorks now provides to users the tools used internally to transcribe and tag manuscripts. It also now contains the CNTTS Greek New Testament apparatus developed by the New Orleans Baptist Seminary. For details on these tools and databases see the following links.


The Manuscripts Tab

CNTTS Apparatus

Tagging Tools

Transcription Tools

The New Testament Greek Transcription Coding Scheme


Project Participants


The Academic Lead for the project is Kent Clarke. He is the Brooke Foss Westcott Professor of New Testament Textual Criticism, Greek Studies, and Hermeneutics at Trinity Western University. He has been a faculty member of the Religious Studies Department at the university since 2002. Clarke’s primary research and teaching interests include Jewish and Hellenistic backgrounds to early Christianity, patristic studies, New Testament textual criticism and canon formation, Hellenistic and Koine Greek grammar and syntax, hermeneutics and exegesis, and the development of modern biblical criticism and theology with reference to the eighteenth-century Enlightenment (this latter interest serving as the topic of his Ph.D. thesis completed at Trinity College, University of Bristol, UK in 2002).


T. A. E. Brown, Franconia, New Hampshire USA, works full time with the project as a transcriber and editor. He was a biblical paleographer; transcriber and co-editor with J. Bruce Prior of the Freer Gospels transcription. He also worked as a transcriber for the international Codex Sinaiticus Digitization Project.


Randy Leedy is a Professor at Bob Jones University in the Department of Ancient Language Studies. He is working primarily on the morphological tagging of the transcription data.


Steve Delamarter is a Professor at George Fox University. He is Director of the Ethiopic Manuscript Imaging Project (EMIP) and Chair of the SBL section on Ethiopic Bible and Literature. He worked as a transcriber and managed several of the students who worked on the project in its early stages.

Michael Bushell, the owner and lead programmer of BibleWorks, is the Technical Lead for the project. He has been responsible for software development and technical coordination with the scholars working on the project.


Michael Tan, also a programmer for BibleWorks, has been involved in the technical aspects of database development and design. He also designed and implemented the BibleWorks implementation of the CNTTS Manuscript Apparatus, which is being released in BibleWorks 9.


Student Assistants


Patrick Willis (Trinity Western University)

John Barry (Trinity Western University)

Ted Erho (Trinity Western University)

Karissa Fordyce (George Fox University)

Travis B. Williams (Dallas Theological Seminary)


Available Manuscripts


Manuscript   GA Date Contents Versions in BibleWorks Morphology
Sinaiticus a 01 IV Go; Ac; Ro; 1C; 2C;  Ga m-01a, m-01b, m-01c, m-01d m-01a-m, etc. Lake Facsimile
Alexandrinus A 02 V Go; Ac; Ro; 1C; 2C; Ga m-02a, m-02b. m-02c none yet 1909 British Museum Facsimile
Vaticanus B 03 IV Go; Ac; Ro; 1C; 2C; Ga m-031b, m-03b, m-03c, m-03d none yet Cozza Facsimile
Bezae D 05 V/VI (G)
V (A)
Go; Ac lac. 8.29-10.14; 21.2-10, 16-18; 22.10-20, 29-fin. m-05a, m-05b, m-05c none yet 1899 Cambridge Facsimile
Boernerianus G 012 IX Go; lac. Rom. 1.1-4; 2.17-24; lac. 1 Cor. m-012a, m-012b, m-012c none yet 1909 Facsimile,  www.biblical-data.org
Washingtonianus W 032 V Go m-032a, m-032b none yet www.csntm.org
GA1141 1141 1141 IX/X Go m-1141a, m-1141b, m-1141c none yet www.csntm.org



Variants for a given manuscript are stored as separate versions in BibleWorks. Each variant is assigned a different letter. For example, m-01a is the Sinaiticus base text and m-01b, m-01c, and m-01d are variant versions. Generally speaking, the correction numbers in the BibleWorks transcriptions are chronological in sequence and indicate stages of correction within any given verse, not individual correctors.  For most manuscripts the method of representing corrections employed in a BibleWorks transcription gives a good picture of what is going on.  But the corrections in some manuscripts like Sinaiticus are myriad and there are many correcting hands at work.  One correction unit will not necessarily involve the same correctors as those in another unit, nor will the correction stages necessarily match chronologically. The transcriptions treat manuscripts on a verse-by-verse basis and will often have several correction units within a single verse.


Some of the transcriptions will have transcriber notes with particular verses which give additional information about the correctors. Vaticanus, for example, has a great deal of information about this subject in its verse notes. See the Vaticanus note on Matthew 1:2 for details.


The sources for the images are as follows:


1. Sinaiticus - CODEX SINAITICUS (facsimile) - Kirsopp Lake (ed.). Codex Sinaiticus Petropolitanus. The New Testament, The Epistle of Barnabas and the Shepherd of Hermas. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1911. Scanned by Kent Clarke on an Epson flatbed scanner from a personal copy. Used by permission.


2. Alexandrinus - Frederic G. Kenyon, The Codex Alexandrinus in Reduced Facsimile, New Testament and Clementine Epistles. London: Trustees of the British Museum, 1909. Scanned by Kent Clarke on an Epson flatbed scanner from a personal copy. Used by permission.


3. Vaticanus - J. Cozza-Luzi, Novum Testamentum, E Codice Vaticano 1209, Nativi Textus Graeci Primo Omnium Phototypice Repraesentatum, Rome: E. Bibliotheca Vaticana, 1889. Scanned by Kent Clarke on an Epson flatbed scanner from a personal copy. Used by permission.


4. Bezae - Codex Bezae Cantabrigiensis Quattor Evangelia et Actus Apostolorum complectens Graece et Latine Sumptibus Academiae phototypice repraesentatus. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1899. Scanned by T.A.E.Brown from a personal copy and used by permission.


5. Boernerianus - Der Codex Boernerianus, Leipzig: Verlag Von Karl W. Hiersemann, 1909. Images from www.biblical-data.org.


6. Washingtonianus - Facsimile of the Washington Manuscript of the Four Gospels in the Freer Collection, Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan, 1912. Images from the www.csntm.org site. Used by permission.


7. GA 1141 - Images of the original photographed by CSNTM and available at their web site www.csntm.org. Used by permission.


 All transcriptions are Copyright (c) 2011,2012 by BibleWorks, LLC. They may be used freely for non-commercial purposes.