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Thread: Searching by Hebrew root

  1. #1
    Join Date
    Feb 2011
    Posts
    15

    Default Searching by Hebrew root

    Is there a way to search by Hebrew root? For example, if I search the WTM database for אמן (aleph, mem, nun), it won't pick up אמנתו (emunato; aleph, mem, nun, tav, waw) in 1 Samuel 26:23. In order to catch emunato in 1 Samuel 26:23 I have to search for אמונה (emuna; aleph, mem, waw, nun, heh). I'd like to be able to cast a wider net and catch everything based on a root like אמן. Is that possible?

    thanks,
    Charles

  2. #2
    Join Date
    Apr 2004
    Posts
    897

    Default

    BibleWorks does not use "roots" but "lemmas." If you want to find lemmas which have three letters in common but may not be spelled exactly the same, you can use WTM as the search version and search with wildcard characters. For example .*n*m*a* (in Hebrew characters) would find all the words you want. It might also find some words which you do not want. You would have to look the results over yourself.
    Mark Eddy

  3. #3
    Join Date
    Feb 2011
    Posts
    15

    Default def of lemma for Hebrew

    So in Hebrew, would a lemma include the suffixes in qatal verb forms or prefixes in yiqtol verb forms (for example)?

  4. #4
    Join Date
    Apr 2004
    Posts
    897

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    In WTM all forms of a verb are included under the same lemma. The lemma is considered to be the basic "word" in all the morphology versions in BW. Any inflections of that lemma are included in a lemma search. Also, if a noun and a verb have the same spelling of their lemma (E.g. RBD for "word" and "speak," all forms of both the noun and the verb will display in a lemma search, unless you specify which you want: .RBD@n* for nouns and .RBD@v* for verbs). A lemma search will also show in its results those words which have suffixes and prefixes which are separate lemmas (e.g. the suffix or prefix is an article, preposition, or pronoun).
    Mark Eddy
    Last edited by Mark Eddy; 04-09-2013 at 12:51 AM.

  5. #5
    Join Date
    Mar 2009
    Posts
    356

    Default

    And that is the explanation of Charles's original problem: searching for אמן will not find אמונה, since the latter has a different lemma.
    David Rensberger
    Atlanta, Georgia

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