Searching on the Cantillations(Ta'amin) of the Hebrew Bible
In BibleWorks it is easy to search for individual accents/Cantillations as well as on specific combination of them in the Hebrew Bible.
Currently, BibleWorks is the only commercially available software, I know of on the Windows platform, that allows for searching the cantillations/accents of the Tanach/Hebrew Bible.
[Bibleworks comes licensed with two different database for searching on cantillations/Ta'amin. The WTM(Westminster Morphological date base) and the JDP(Dr. J.D. Price accent database) . Be sure, to observe the different accent codes particular to each database. There are also differeing codes from prose and poetic books of the Bible in the JDP datebase]
Let's say you'd like to search for every occurrence of the Mereka accent in the WTM.
(1) Enable the Permit accent code searching in Hebrew morph. version(s) option.
(2)Select the WTM database as you search version
(3)Then on the command line type:
[Note: in WTM "Z" stands for accent and indicates you are sreaching for one. The letter following "Z", "should be the specific accent code you are looking for, In this case that letter is "y" which stands for the Mereka accent".]
After, conducting that search you'd like to know which verse Mereka is immediately followed by a Pashta:
(1) So, you return to the command line
(2) You keep in mind that Hebrew searches are right to left
(3) Then on the command line you enter:
This yields you 286 hits in in 283 verses.
In WTM the accent codes are as follows
Zarqa, Sinnor (b)
Pashta, Azla Legarmeh (c)
Pazer Mag or Qarne Parv (u)
Pashta (with previous left) (d)
Zaqep Magnum (v)
Telisha Parvum (e)
Mahpak or Mehuppak (w)
Paseq [separator] (f)
Mereka Kepulah (z)
Dehi or Tipha (h)
Tipha, Majela, or Tarha (0)
Telisha Magnum (j)
Silluq [meteg (left)] (9,2)
Ole or Mahpakatum (k)
Meteg (right) (3)
Geresh or Teres (l)
Azla or Qadma (n)
Galgal or Jerah (6)
Shalshelet (mag,parv) (p)
Telisha Qetannah (med) (A)
Zaqep Parvum (q)
Telish Magnum (med) (B)
Last edited by bkMitchell; 06-22-2010 at 08:28 PM.
As, mentioned above there are two database we can use to search for accents. Previously, we used the WTM now let's try the JDP.
In the JDP database to search on every occurrence of the Mereka in the prose books of the Hebrew Bible we would type the following on the command line:
And, if we wanted to find the remaining appearances of Mereka in the poetic books we would then enter:
Mereka immediately followed by Pashta in the Prose books might look something like:
If you have any corrections to my post/Thread, advice, or know of any tips about search on accents in either the WTM or the JDP please do not hesitate to post here!
For more fun check out the thread, Using colour to highlight accent rank, using JDP
Last edited by bkMitchell; 02-01-2010 at 03:56 AM.
Good stuff, Bryan. Thanks.
By the way, though one and the same accent system is used in the Pentateuch and the Prophets, the chanting melody is different for each accent depending on whether you are reading from the Torah or Nevi'im. The Megillot (Esther, Lamentations) have yet a distinct melody in turn.
Exactly, but you have forgotten something.
Originally Posted by ISalzman
There are also different melodies for the Torah its' self for example:
- A melody for reading in public (10 or more people)
- A Private study melody (rarely used these days)
- A high holiday Melody
- Two sets for the Ten commandments/words
- Not, to mention the fact that each historical world community has it's own Nusach נוּסַח or Tradition for reading these accents and pronouncing some of the vowels.
Let's keep Learning and Leining(Chanting) the Pentateuch.
Originally Posted by bkMitchell
Have you ever been to ha'aretz?
Originally Posted by isalzman
שם לבי ושם עיני על־נהרות בבל שם ישבנו גם־בכינו בזכרנו את־ציון
תהלים פרק:קלז פסוק:א
אֶרֶץ זָבַת חָלָב וּדְבָשׁ
Originally Posted by bkmitchell
Hey, we ought to start a Hebrew Language Forum here, what do you think?