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View Full Version : Question about 1QIsaiah (A & B) in DSS



jakemccarty
01-03-2005, 09:09 PM
Hello,

This is probably a stupid question, but I've had a difficult time figuring out if the Isaiah scroll is included with the DSS add-in. I know there's some Isaiah documents in 4Q, but I can't seem to find the most important ones in 1Q.

Thanks,
Jake

jdarlack
01-04-2005, 08:39 AM
This is probably a stupid question, but I've had a difficult time figuring out if the Isaiah scroll is included with the DSS add-in. I know there's some Isaiah documents in 4Q, but I can't seem to find the most important ones in 1Q.Hi Jake!

Don't worry, this is not a "stupid question."

Typically scholars divide the documents found at Qumran into "sectarian manuscripts" and "biblical manuscripts."

The "sectarian manuscripts" are those documents that are essentially "non-biblical"--in other words, they are not simply copies or versions of biblical texts. "Sectarian" is perhaps misleading, because some of the non-biblical texts were not necessarily produced by the "sect" at Qumran and may have been a part of general Jewish culture. Included in these "sectarian manuscripts" are various "commentaries" (pesharim) which were produced, explaining/commenting on a specific text of the Old Testament (i.e. 1QHabakkuk Pesher [1QpHab], the 1QPsalms Pesher [1Q16], 4QIsaiah Pesher(a-e)[4Q161-165], etc.). Other sectarian manuscripts frequently mention or allude to various biblical passages, but are not actually biblical passages themselves.

The "biblical manuscripts" are typically the manuscripts most interesting for textual criticism of the OT. The Great Isaiah Scroll (1QIsa-a) is one such scroll.

Unfortunately, ONLY the "sectarian manuscripts" are included in the BibleWorks database put together by Martin Abegg.

Currently, I do not know of any computerized text of the biblical manuscripts at Qumran. If anyone does know of one, then it would be a fantastic addition to BibleWorks!

Here are a few in-print titles that may be helpful in sorting this out:

One is a list of biblical passages with a correponding list of most of the places where the particular biblical passage is found in both the biblical and the sectarian manuscripts at Qumran. Catalog of Biblical Passages in the Dead Sea Scrolls (http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/redirect?tag=oldinthenew-20&path=tg%2Fdetail%2F-%2F0932055036), by David Washburn.

Two other works come in handy as they provide English translations that serve as quick references to both the biblical and sectarian manuscripts.
1. The first is the The Dead Sea Scrolls Bible: The Most Ancient Versions of the Books of the Bible (http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/redirect?tag=oldinthenew-20&path=tg%2Fdetail%2F-%2F0060600640), edited by Martin Abegg, Eugene Ulrich and Peter Flint. This book provides an English translation of the OT according to the Qumran manuscripts, along with footnotes showing any variants with the Massoretic text and various Qumran texts. Amazon.com (http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/redirect?tag=oldinthenew-20&path=tg%2Fdetail%2F-%2F0060600640)allows one to "search inside" this book, and browse the pages themselves!
2. The second is the Dead Sea Scrolls: A New Translation (http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/redirect?tag=oldinthenew-20&path=tg%2Fdetail%2F-%2F0060692006), translated by Michael Wise and Martin Abegg. This volume is also searchable in Amazon.com (http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/redirect?tag=oldinthenew-20&path=tg%2Fdetail%2F-%2F0060692006)and also provides a relatively helpful index of biblical passages (http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/redirect?tag=oldinthenew-20&path=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.amazon.com%2Fgp%2Freader%2F0 060692006%2Fref%3Dsib_vae_pg_3%3F%255Fencoding%3DU TF8%26keywords%3DIndex%2520of%2520References%26p%3 DS0EI%26twc%3D3%26checkSum%3DfCOuIbd3whvbxAnxWgM2Q GIhuzW1fSJ4oxgoC3V0Tig%253D%23reader-page) referenced in the sectarian manuscripts.
CAVEAT: Of course, no study is complete without actually looking at the text in Hebrew! The above tools are only "quick references" to alert one to possible issues. I do not mean to say that they are in any way the "final word" when it comes to variants, etc.
Of course all of the above in-print texts would be extremely helpful in BibleWorks format, if only BW was able to get the rights at a good price!

Perhaps other folks who frequent the forum would have some more suggestions!