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Tip 1.16 Using the Graphical Search Engine: Part 2

The Graphical Search Engine is a powerful, though sometimes overlooked, search tool. This Classroom Tip builds upon Tip 1.12 and explores more of the useful search features you can use to enhance your classroom teaching and preparation. In this Classroom Tip we will use the Graphical Search Engine to find different ways that an adjective can relate to a noun when an article is present in the relationship.

To gain the most out of this Classroom Tip, be sure to read Classroom Tip 1.12 Using the Graphical Search Engine. The steps in this tip will build upon what was covered in Tip 1.12.

The following searches only find the most common classroom definitions of the adjective positions based upon word order. Because there are exceptions to the constructions, not every hit is valid, and not every valid hit will be found by these searches. But these search hits will be a good start for showing samples to your students, and these searches will show some of the searches possible using the Graphical Search Engine (GSE). Included under each search is a link to a GSE search query file that you can use in the GSE for your own searches.

First Attributive Position

The adjective first attributive position is article-adjective-noun (the good man).

Set your search version to the BNM Greek morphology version on the Command Line, and then open the GSE. The GSE opens with one merge box and one word box. Since we need a word box for the article, the adjective, and the noun, add two more word boxes. Join the word boxes to the merge box.

Double-click on the left word box to open it. The Search Method radio button should be set to Word. Under Morph click on the << help button to open the Morphology Assistant. Select Definite article, then click Finish. Click OK to close the Word Box Options window.

Now the left word box is set to the article. Follow the same steps to set the middle word box to adjective, and the right word box to noun.

Because word order is an essential element in this construction, we need to add an ordering and proximity box between each word box. Select the ordering and proximity button on the button bar, then hold down the left mouse button and drag from the left word box (article) to the middle word box (adjective), then release your mouse button. Be sure to drag from the article to adjective, as this is the order in which the text must read. Notice the direction of the arrow going from the article to the adjective.  Follow the same steps to create an ordering and proximity box between the middle word box (adjective) and the right word box (noun).

Double-click on the left ordering and proximity box. We want the number of intervening words to be set to Exactly 0. (This is the default setting.) So that we do not have any intervening punctuation, at the bottom of the box under Punctuation, select the radio button for Exclude. Click OK to close the box. Follow these same steps to set the intervening words and punctuation settings in the right ordering and proximity box.

Because the adjective must agree with the noun it modifies in gender, case, and number, we will need to add an agreement box. Click on the Agreement Box button on the button bar. Now connect the agreement box to the noun word box. (Since the noun governs the case, gender, and number of the construction, we start with the noun.) Now connect the agreement box to the adjective and the article word boxes. Notice that the line to the noun has a different dash pattern than the other two lines. The first connection is always the one that governs the others.

Now double-click on the agreement box. Under General, select the boxes for Case, Gender, and Number. Click OK to close the box. Press go to run the search.

Our construction includes an article, adjective, and noun, in proper word order. No intervening punctuation can occur between the words. Each word must agree in gender, case, and number.

>>Download the First Attributive Position GSE qf search file here. (Right-click on the link and choose "Save link as" or "Save target as".)

Second Attributive Position

The second attributive position is article-noun-article-adjective (the man the good).

The instructions for creating the second attributive position GSE search are the same as presented above, except that you will need to add a fourth word box. Each word box must be connected with an ordering and proximity box, and each word box must be connected to the agreement box.

>>Download the Second Attributive Position GSE qf search file here. (Right-click on the link and choose "Save link as" or "Save target as".)

Third Attributive Position

The third attributive position is noun-article-adjective (man the good).

The instructions for creating the third attributive position GSE search are the same as presented for the first attributive position, except that this time we will specify that no article appears immediately before the noun. If we did not exclude the article before the noun, we would also find search results that fit the first attributive position.

Add a word box before the noun box, and add an ordering and proximity box, as described above.

Open this word box, and enter Definite article as the morphology. In the Options section of this word box, select the box to Invert results (NOT). Click OK to close the Word Box Options window.

Do not connect the agreement box to this word box.

 

>>Download the Third Attributive Position GSE qf search file here. (Right-click on the link and choose "Save link as" or "Save target as".)

First Predicate Position

The first predicate position is adjective-article-noun (good [is] the man).

The instructions for creating the first predicate position GSE search are the same as presented for the first attributive search. The only changes are the order of the words.

>>Download the First Predicate Position GSE qf search file here. (Right-click on the link and choose "Save link as" or "Save target as".)

Second Predicate Position

The second predicate position is article-noun-adjective (the man [is] good).

The instructions for creating the second predicate position GSE search are the same as presented for the first attributive search. The only changes are the order of the words.

>>Download the Second Predicate Position GSE qf search file here. (Right-click on the link and choose "Save link as" or "Save target as".)

Conclusion

The goal of this tip is to help you see some of the ways in which you can use the Graphical Search Engine to find grammatical constructions. With the GSE you can specify that words must be in agreement concerning certain elements. You can even specify that certain words must not appear in the construction.

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