28 The CNTTS New Testament Critical Apparatus Module

 

Overview

BibleWorks enhancements

   Aland/Date matrix

   Search window

   Mouse tracking in main window

   Variant summaries 

   Mouse tracking in Search window 

Displaying the CNTTS apparatus

   In the main window

   In full module window

   In search window

Interpreting the CNTTS apparatus

Looking up a verse 

Searching the CNTTS apparatus

The CNTTS NTCA Search Window

   Search fields and controls

   Options

   Apparatus display

Example searches

 


Overview

 

We're very grateful to include the Center for New Testament Textual Studies' New Testament Critical Apparatus. This extensive database is an ongoing project devoted to recording and distributing a full critical apparatus built from thousands of manuscripts. The BibleWorks edition of the CNTTS NT Critical Apparatus strives to make it simple to access and to search the apparatus data. The BibleWorks edition has enhanced the database by adding a manuscript date and Aland category matrix for each variant reading. As you browse the text of the Bible, the CNTTS database tracks and displays in the BibleWorks main window, in the Verse Tab. If you want to do a series of detailed searches, BibleWorks includes a search window for the apparatus. The significant, insignificant, and singular readings are summarized at the beginning of each verse's entry, and each variant is presented with the full text of the verse, highlighting the variant text

 


BibleWorks enhancements

 

The BibleWorks edition of the CNTTS apparatus has a number of enhancements to make it easier to use this extensive database. Some of these are discussed below:

 

Aland/Date matrix

 

When you view the CNTTS apparatus in the main window (see the Verse Tab) or in the full module viewer, each variant reading is followed by a ">>" notation. When you click that notation, BibleWorks displays a matrix showing the date and Aland category for each manuscript attesting to the variant.

 

 

Search window

 

The BibleWorks CNTTS Search window lets you do searches like these:

 

Mouse tracking in main window

 

The CNTTS apparatus information for your current verse is close at hand. The Verse Tab automatically loads and displays the CNTTS data for the verse under your mouse in the main BibleWorks window. There's nothing to click!

 

Variant summaries

 

When you view the CNTTS apparatus in the Verse Tab or in the full module window, BibleWorks includes a summary of the significant variants, insignificant variants, and singular readings for each verse. With this summary you can easily scan each verse to find key variants. In addition, for each variant in the apparatus, BibleWorks shows the verse text with the variant text highlighted in the verse.

 

Mouse tracking in Search window

 

When you're digging deep into the CNTTS apparatus, you'll be using the CNTTS Search window. In this window, as you move the mouse over the apparatus data, the window displays explanatory descriptions of the various CNTTS apparatus codes automatically in the lower section of the window. When you move the mouse over a manuscript id, the full name, date, location, contents, etc. for that manuscript are displayed in the lower section of the Search window. It's quick and convenient!

 


Displaying the CNTTS apparatus

 

Depending on how you are using the CNTTS apparatus, there are several ways to view the database. If you are reading through a the Biblical text and only are scanning for textual items of interest, it's best to just display the CNTTS apparatus in the main window, in the Verse Tab. If you want to directly inspect the CNTTS apparatus and will be jumping around in various places in the New Testament, you should open the apparatus in the full module window. Finally, if you're planning to search the apparatus for specific  codes or manuscripts, you should work in the Search window for the apparatus. The sections below describe how to display the CNTTS apparatus in these various ways.

 

In the main window

 

 

When you're working with the text and only want only to occasionally check for textual issues, you can display the CNTTS apparatus in the main window, in the Analysis Window's Verse Tab. If you select the CNTTS Apparatus in the Verse Tab, the apparatus entry for the current verse in the Browse Window displays whenever the verse changes. If you are in Browse mode, as the mouse moves over various verses, the Verse Tab automatically loads the apparatus entry for the verse under the mouse.

 

In the module window

 

When you want to directly examine the CNTTS apparatus and jump to many places in the apparatus, it's easiest to open the apparatus in the full module window. To open the full module window, select Resources | Text Criticism | CNTTS, NT Apparatus from the main menu in BibleWorks. Alternately, if the Verse Tab is open to the CNTTS apparatus, click the button in the Verse Tab to open the full module window for the apparatus. This window has a full table of contents, introductory matter, full glossary of the CNTTS apparatus codes, and a full glossary of the MSS.

 

In the Search window

 

If you need to search the CNTTS apparatus, you should open the Search window for the CNTTS apparatus. In this window, you can look for specific combination of CNTTS apparatus codes, combinations of manuscripts, and specific words in readings. You can build on searches by combining/filtering searches with the results of prior searches. This allows for complex search results, achieved step-by-step using simple searches.

 

To open the CNTTS apparatus Search window, select Resources | Text Criticism | CNTTS, NT Apparatus (Search) from the main menu in BibleWorks. Alternately, if the Verse Tab is open to the CNTTS apparatus, click the button in the Verse Tab to open the Search window for the apparatus.

 

In the Search window, as you move the mouse over the database codes and manuscript ids, the glossary entry and explanatory text for the item under the mouse appears in the lower section of the Search window.

 


Interpreting the CNTTS apparatus

 

To avoid becoming cumbersome, the apparatus uses terse codes and abbreviations to represent the apparatus fields and manuscripts. Those unfamiliar with the CNTTS coding scheme should read the CNTTS introduction to the apparatus. To read the introduction, open the CNTTS apparatus in the full module window, and from the table of contents select the Introduction and key entry at the beginning of the database. This document describes the CNTTS apparatus and explains the various codes and symbols used in the database.

 

In addition to the CNTTS introduction, the full module window contains extensive tables describing all of the papyrii, uncials, minuscules, etc. used in the apparatus. These are found in the MSS Key section of the table of contents. For each manuscript, the table shows the id, the MS type, a description, the manuscript location, the Aland category, and the manuscript contents.

 

When using the apparatus in the full module window or in the Verse Tab, when you click an apparatus code or manuscript id, BibleWorks takes you to the explanation of the clicked item. When viewing an Aland/Date matrix you can click both the Aland categories at the top of the table (for the description of an Aland category) and the manuscript ids listed in the table. 

 


Looking up a verse

 

To look up the CNTTS apparatus entry for a specific verse, you have several options:


Searching the CNTTS apparatus

 

The CNTTS apparatus is a large database covering the entire New Testament. To search the apparatus, you will need to open the CNTTS Search window. To search effectively, you need to know the CNTTS coding system.

 

The BibleWorks version of the CNTTS apparatus includes a search window that does not require memorization of special search syntax. The users constructs simple searches using the straightforward controls in the CNTTS Search window. The Search window is deceptively simple, however, for it allows the user to create simple searches and filter them against the results of the previous search or combine them with the results of the previous search. By running a series of simple searches, the user can combine the results to create a sophisticated and detailed search result. The controls and options for the CNTTS Search window are discussed below, followed by example searches.

 


The CNTTS NTCA Search Window

 

This section describes the various controls and options in the CNTTS Search window. To open the CNTTS Search window, read the section In the Search window.

 

The Search window is resizable--simply move the mouse to the edge of the window border and resize the window to the size you desire.

 

Once the CNTTS Search window is open, you will see the following controls:

 

Search fields and controls

 

Apparatus fields - This group of controls lets you specify which lines from the apparatus to return. When you set values in more than one of the search fields in the Apparatus fields section, the specifications of the search fields are AND-ed with one another. That is, the program will return only lines than match all of the specifications in the various search fields. So, for example, if a value is specified in the VU/MV Type field and a value is specified in the MS field, the program will return only lines which match both the VU/MV Type specification and also match the MS specification.

 

This field lets you specify the Variation Type value of a Variation Unit line (S, I, Z, or L) or the Type value of a Major Variation line (A, M, R, or T). In CNTTS terminology this is "Column 1". When it is set to [Any value] then all lines are considered. If one or more values are selected in this field, lines which match any one of the selected values are selected. In boolean logic, this is like specifying an OR operation for the values selected. So, if you were to check the values S, Z, and T, all lines that have either S or Z or T would be returned. To return this field back to [Any value], click the Clear button.

 

This field lets you specify the Variation Code value of an apparatus line. In CNTTS terminology this is "Column 2". This is usually a value between 0 and 99. When it is set to [Any value] then all lines are considered. If one or more values are selected in this field, lines which match any one of the selected values are selected. In boolean logic, this is like specifying an OR operation for the values selected. So, if you were to check the values 0, 1, and 99, all lines that have either 0 or 1 or 99 would be returned. To return this field back to [Any value], click the Clear button.

 

This field lets you specify the Minor Variations value of a line (E, H, N, O, P, or X). In CNTTS terminology this is "Column 3". When it is set to [Any value] then all lines are considered. If one or more values are selected in this field, lines which match any one of the selected values are selected. In boolean logic, this is like specifying an OR operation for the values selected. So, if you were to check the values P and X, all lines that have either P or X would be returned. To return this field back to [Any value], click the Clear button.

 

This field lets you specify the Manuscripts value of a line. When it is set to [Any value] then all lines are considered. If one or more values are selected in this field, lines which match any one of the selected values are selected. In boolean logic, this is like specifying an OR operation for the values selected. So, if you were to check the values D06, D06c, and 700, all lines that have either D06 or D06c or 700 would be returned. To return this field back to [Any value], click the Clear button.

 

This field lets you specify Greek text in the line's variant reading. If you enter a Greek word here, the program will find all lines containing that word. When it is left blank, all lines are returned. When you type in this line Greek text is automatically entered.

 

This button clears all the fields in the Apparatus fields section of the window.

 

When you have specified the values you want to search in the Apparatus fields portion of the window and you have selected the search options in the Options menu, click this button to search the CNTTS apparatus. The results are highlighted in the Search window apparatus display area and search statistics appear in the bottom of the window.

 

This button opens the CNTTS Search options menu, where you can set search options, combine search results, and move search results to the clipboard. The section below covers the various options on this menu.

 

Click this button to open the CNTTS in the full module window. The apparatus will open at the current verse displayed in the Search window.

 

After you run a search, the matching apparatus lines are highlighted in the apparatus display. These buttons move the window forward and backward between the highlighted lines.

 

 

When you click and drag on this lower-right resizing corner, you can resize the CNTTS Search window.

 

 

Options

 

When you click the Options button in the Search window, a menu of options opens. These options let you transfer highlighted lines, manipulate search results, and determine how BibleWorks will search the apparatus and combine the results with the previous search. Below, we describe the menu items in more detail.

 

Search entire apparatus - When checked, this tells the program to search the entire CNTTS apparatus when the Search button is clicked. The apparatus will be searched using the values in the Search fields and controls.

 

Search previous results list - When checked, the program will search only the apparatus lines that are highlighted by the last search. When the Search button is next clicked, this option is applied. The apparatus will be searched using the values in the Search fields and controls.


Merge search results into results list - If this option is checked when the Search button is pressed, the lines that match the Search fields and controls will be highlighted and added to the highlighted lines from the previous search.


Remove search results from results list - If this option is checked when the Search button is pressed, the lines highlighted by the previous search will be examined. The lines will be tested using the Search fields and controls and if a line matches, it will have the highlight from the previous search removed. Thus, this option causes matching lines to be removed from the previous search's results.


Replace results list with search results - If this option is checked when the Search button is pressed, the lines that match the Search fields and controls  will be highlighted, replacing the highlights from the previous search. Only the matching lines from the present search will be highlighted if this option is checked before running the search.


Use search limits settings from main window - If this option is checked when the current search is run, only verses that match the main window's search limits will be considered.


Reset search results list - When you select this item, highlighting from the previous search is removed from all lines.


Invert search results list - When you select this item, all lines highlighted by the previous search are unhighlighted, and all unhighlighted lines are highlighted.


Export highlighted verses to main window - When you select this item, the verses containing highlighted lines (from a search) are copied to the Search Window in the BibleWorks main window. Once the verses are copied to the Search Window, you can save the verses to a file, manipulate the reference list, browse the references in any translation you desire, etc.


Copy highlighted verses to clipboard - When you select this item, the verse references of all lines highlighted by the previous search are copied to the clipboard. You can then paste these lines into the Editor or into your word processor.


Copy highlighted verses and apparatus text to clipboard - When you select this item, all lines highlighted by the previous search are copied to the clipboard. The apparatus codes, text, and MS lists are copied. You can then paste these lines into the Editor or into your word processor.

 

 

Apparatus display

 

 

This section of the CNTTS apparatus Search window shows the actual apparatus text. You can scroll to any part of the apparatus. To jump to a specific reference, see the section Looking up a verse. As you move the mouse over the apparatus, a brief description of the apparatus code or manuscript id under your mouse appears in the bottom section of the window. As described above, the Search window can be resized, enabling you to adjust the width and height of this window to suit your needs.

 


Example searches

 

With the CNTTS Search window, you can do simple searches and then combine multiple searches to produce very refined, specific results. Below we give several examples of search sequences you can do with the CNTTS Search window.

 

Finding lines with a specific MS

 

In this example, we will find all lines in the apparatus citing the minuscule 399. Here are the steps to follow:

  1. Open the CNTTS Search window. If the Search window is already open and displays the results of a previous search, click the Clear button.
  2. Click Options and ensure the option Search entire apparatus is checked. This ensures all lines in the apparatus will be searched.
  3. In the MS field in the Apparatus fields section select the MS 399 from the list.
  4. The MS 399 is now selected. Click on the Search window to close the MS list.
  5. Click the Search button. The matching lines are now highlighted in the apparatus display area of the window. To browse through the highlighted lines, use the Search results arrow buttons.

Finding lines with at least one of two specific MSS

 

In this example, we will find all lines in the apparatus that cite the minuscule 399 or the minuscule 424. Here are the steps to follow:

  1. Open the CNTTS Search window. If the Search window is already open and displays the results of a previous search, click the Clear button.
  2. Click Options and ensure the option Search entire apparatus is checked. This ensures all lines in the apparatus will be searched.
  3. In the MS field in the Apparatus fields section select the MS 399 and the MS 424from the list.
  4. The MS 399 and the MS 424are now selected. Click on the Search window to close the MS list.
  5. Click the Search button. The matching lines are now highlighted in the apparatus display area of the window. To browse through the highlighted lines, use the Search results arrow buttons.

Finding lines with both of two specific MSS

 

In this example, we will find all lines in the apparatus that cite the minuscule 399 and the minuscule 461. Here are the steps to follow:

  1. Open the CNTTS Search window. If the Search window is already open and displays the results of a previous search, click the Clear button.
  2. First we will do a search to find all lines citing MS 399. Click Options and then check the option Search entire apparatus. This ensures all lines in the apparatus will be searched.
  3. In the MS field in the Apparatus fields section select the MS 399 from the list.
  4. The MS 399 is now selected. Click on the Search window to close the MS list.
  5. Click the Search button. The lines containing the MS 399 are now highlighted in the apparatus display area of the window.
  6. Now we are going to search only the lines containing MS 399 and find the lines which also contain MS 461. The currently highlighted lines are the lines in the apparatus containing MS 399. Click Options and select Search previous results list. This limits the search to only the highlighted lines.
  7. Click the Clear button.
  8. In the MS field in the Apparatus fields section select the MS 461 from the list.
  9. The MS 461 (and only MS 461) is now selected. Click on the Search window to close the MS list.
  10. Click the Search button. The lines containing the MS 399 and the MS 461 are now highlighted in the apparatus display area of the window. To browse through the highlighted lines, use the Search results arrow buttons.

Finding lines with Significant variation and a specific MS

 

In this example, we will find all lines in the apparatus that are tagged as a "Significant variation" ("L" in Column 1) and cite MS K017. Here are the steps to follow:

  1. Open the CNTTS Search window. If the Search window is already open and displays the results of a previous search, click the Clear button.
  2. First we will do a search to find all lines citing MS 399. Click Options and then check the option Search entire apparatus. This ensures all lines in the apparatus will be searched.
  3. In the VU/MV type field in the Apparatus fields section select L from the list.
  4. In the MS field in the Apparatus fields section select the MS K017 from the list.
  5. Click on the Search window to close the MS list.
  6. Click the Search button. The lines tagged with L and containing the MS 399 are now highlighted in the apparatus display area of the window. To browse through the highlighted lines, use the Search results arrow buttons.

Finding lines tagged with X or with O

 

In this example, we will find all lines in the apparatus that are tagged with either a "Minor Variation" (third column) value of O or X.  Here are the steps to follow:

  1. Open the CNTTS Search window. If the Search window is already open and displays the results of a previous search, click the Clear button.
  2. Click Options and then check the option Search entire apparatus. This ensures all lines in the apparatus will be searched.
  3. In the Minor var. field in the Apparatus fields section select O from the list.
  4. In the Minor var. field in the Apparatus fields section select X from the list.
  5. Click the Search button. The lines tagged with O or X are now highlighted in the apparatus display area of the window. To browse through the highlighted lines, use the Search results arrow buttons.

Finding lines tagged with a specific MS and tagged with either X or with O

 

In this example, we will find all lines in the apparatus that are tagged with MS C04 and are tagged with a "Minor Variation" (third column) value of either O or X.  Here are the steps to follow:

  1. Open the CNTTS Search window. If the Search window is already open and displays the results of a previous search, click the Clear button.
  2. Click Options and then check the option Search entire apparatus. This ensures all lines in the apparatus will be searched.
  3. In the MS field in the Apparatus fields section select the MS C04 from the list.
  4. Click on the Search window to close the MS list.
  5. In the Minor var. field in the Apparatus fields section select O from the list.
  6. In the Minor var. field in the Apparatus fields section select X from the list.
  7. Click the Search button. The lines tagged with C04 and tagged with O or X are now highlighted in the apparatus display area of the window. To browse through the highlighted lines, use the Search results arrow buttons.

 

Finding lines tagged with a specific MS or tagged with either X or with O

 

In this example, we will find all lines in the apparatus that are tagged with MS C04 or are tagged with a "Minor Variation" (third column) value of either O or X.  Here are the steps to follow:

  1. Open the CNTTS Search window. If the Search window is already open and displays the results of a previous search, click the Clear button.
  2. First we will do a search to find all lines tagged with either O or X. Click Options and then check the option Search entire apparatus. This ensures all lines in the apparatus will be searched.
  3. In the Minor var. field in the Apparatus fields section select O from the list.
  4. In the Minor var. field in the Apparatus fields section select X from the list.
  5. Click the Search button. The lines tagged with O or X are now highlighted in the apparatus display area of the window.
  6. Now we will do a search to find all lines tagged with MS C04 and add those lines to the lines from the last search. Click Options and then check the option Merge search results into results list. This will add the matching lines containing C04 to the O and X lines found in the previous search.
  7. Click the Search button. The lines tagged with C04 or with O or X are now highlighted in the apparatus display area of the window. To browse through the highlighted lines, use the Search results arrow buttons.

Finding lines citing one and only one specific MS

 

To find all lines where one and only one MS is cited (say, Aleph), here's an overview of the searches you could do (there is more than one way):

 

Search #1: Find all lines containing Aleph


Search #2: Search the lines produced by Search #1 and remove all lines containing all other MSS.

 

With the results of Search #2 you now have all lines that cite Codex Sinaiticus and only Codex Sinaiticus. This list can be further searched as you desire.

 

Here are the details for how to do the two searches:

 

Search #1: Find all lines containing Aleph

 

  1. Click the Clear button to reset the search settings to their default values.
  2. Ensure Options | Replace results list with search results is checked.
  3. From the MS field, select Aleph:
  4.  Click the Search button.

This produces a list of all lines containing Codex Sinaiticus citations.

 

Search #2: Search the lines produced by Search #1 and remove all lines containing all other MSS.

  1. In the MS field, select all MS.
  2. In the MS field list, unselect only aleph. Do this by scrolling to aleph, holding down the Control key on your keyboard, and single-clicking the aleph MS entry. The results should look like this:
  3. Select Options | Search previous results list. This causes BibleWorks to search the results list of Search #1.
  4. Select Options | Remove search results from results list. This causes BibleWorks to remove the matching lines from the results list of Search #1.
  5. Click the Search button.

The Search window now displays lines which cite Codex Sinaiticus and only Codex Sinaiticus:
 


You can further search this list of lines to refine the search results.