Targumim Codes (TAR and TAM Databases)

 

 

BibleWorks has text and morphology databases for the Targumim. They have been provided courtesy of Dr. Stephen A. Kaufman,  Professor of Bible and Cognate Literature at Hebrew Union College (HUC) and Editor-in-chief, the Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon. This project should be seen as a work in progress, and interested users are encouraged to check frequently for updates. The Targumim are provided in the usual text and morphology versions familiar to BibleWorks users. The abbreviations are TAR for the text and TAM for the morphology. There are, however, a number of documents in the Targum collection that are placed in separate versions because the cover the same Biblical Books as the basic TAR file. This allows you to view all the Targum files for a book at once in the Browse Window. These additional "versions" are as follows:

 

Text Morphology Content
TAR TAM Mostly Onkelos and Jonathan
PJT PJM PseudoJonathan
NMT NMM NeoMaginalia
FTT FTM FragTargums,TgSheniSuppEsther,TgTosefProphets,
CGT CGM Cairo Geniza
NFT NFM Neofiti

 

Note that three of the CAL files are combined into one version (FTT). There is no book overlap in these files so that just saves some versions.

 

All of the files but Neofiti and PesudoJonathan have data from multiple manuscripts. For some verses therefore you will see two sets of verse data. They will be separated by a superscript number which corresponds to the content tag in the CAL files for that verse. People familiar with the CAL files will understand what is meant.

 

The TAR and TAM files are laid out as follows:

Abbrev

Targum

Book

  Gen  Onkelos  Genesis

 Exo

Onkelos

Exodus

 Lev

Onkelos

Leviticus

 Num

Onkelos

Numbers

 Deu

Onkelos

Deuteronomy

 Jos

Jonathan

Joshua

 Jdg

Jonathan

Judges

 1Sa

Jonathan

1Samuel

 2Sa

Jonathan

2Samuel

 1Ki

Jonathan

1Kings

 2Ki

Jonathan

2Kings

 Isa

Jonathan

Isaaiah

 Jer

Jonathan

Jerermiah

 Eze

Jonathan

Ezekiel

 Hos

Jonathan

Hosea

 Joe

Jonathan

Joel

 Amo

Jonathan

Amos

 Oba

Jonathan

Obadiah

 Jon

Jonathan

Jonah

 Mic

Jonathan

Micah

 Nah

Jonathan

Nahum

 Hab

Jonathan

Habbakuk

 Zep

Jonathan

Zephaniah

 Hag

Jonathan

Haggai

 Zec

Jonathan

Zechariah

 Mal

Jonathan

Malachi

 Psa

Targum

Psalms

 Job

Targum

Job

 Sol

Targum

Song of Songs

 Rut

Targum

Ruth

 Qoh

TgQoh

 

 Lam

TgLamSperber

 

 Est

TgSheniEsther

 

 1Ch

Tg1Chron

 

 2Ch

Tg2Chron

 

 Esr

TgRishonEsther

 

 Ess

TgShlishiEsther

 

 Lay

TgLamYem

 

 Law

TgLamWT

 

 Pro

TgProv

 

The Hebrew Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon (CAL) project at HUC has at present only incomplete morphological tags for the Targumim. We have attempted to convert these where possible to BibleWorks codes (as in the WTM) to make use of the data a little easier for experienced BibleWorks users. The following table shows how the CAL codes have been converted.

 

CAL Code

BW Code

Meaning

N

n----

noun

A

a---

adjective

n

nn---

numeral

V

v"

verb

V01

vN

peal

V02

vM

pael

V03

vB

(h)aphel

V04

vF

ethpeel

V05

vS

ethpaal

V06

vE

ettaphal

V07

v1

pay/w(el

V08

v2

reduplicated

V09

v3

quadriliteral

V10

v4

ethpaiel

V11

v5

reflexive reduplicate

V12

v6

reflexive quadriliteral

01

n-se

singular absolute or determined

02

n-sd

singular determined

03

n-pa

plural absolute

04

n-pc

plural construct

05

n-pd

plural determined

A01

a-se

singular absolute or determined

A02

a-sd

singular determined

A03

a-pa

plural absolute

A04

a-pc

plural construct

A05

a-pd

plural determined

a01

a-se

singular absolute or determined

a02

a-sd

singular determined

a03

a-pa

plural absolute

a04

a-pc

plural construct

a05

a-pd

plural determined

n01

n-se

singular absolute or determined

n02

n-sd

singular determined

n03

n-pa

plural absolute

n04

n-pc

plural construct

n05

n-pd

plural determined

p

Pp

preposition

l-

Ppl

"to, for"

p01

Pp1

independent

P01

Pp1

independent

p02

Pp2

with pronominal suffix

p03

Pp3

proclitic

c

Pc

conjunction 

a

Pd

adverb 

I

Pi

interjection 

GN

Nn---

geographical name 

d

Nd---

divine name

PN

Np---

proper name

 

The CAL Project files have a rather complex variant marking system. We have attempted to carry as much of this over as possible into BibleWorks using standard BibleWorks terminology. In a string of variants the first variant is marked with the <...Rk> tag, which usually means a "Kethib" reading. Subsequent variants are marked with the <...Rq> tag, which is usually used for a "Qere" reading. In addition to this marking, the variants are identified with new coding tags in the TAM text: V1, V2, V3, V4, and V5 indicate the variant number in a series of variants. So "V1" and "Rk" will always appear together. To have the "Rq" variants and the V2 through V5 tags visible to the search engine you will need to enable both qere and kethib settings in the Setup | Option Flags | General Hebrew Options.

 

In Targum versions the variants will be marked with a superscript numeral indicating the variant number in the CAL database files. The variants can also be color coded. You can change the colors by selecting Tools | Choose Targum Variant Colors from the main menu. The default is for the variants to be marked in gray.

 

An "editorial" tag has also been added to mark editorial changes. "...Ea..." marks text added by the editor (angle brackets are used in the CAL text) and "...Eb..." marks text deleted by the editor (curly braces are used in the CAL text).

 

As in the WTM, Rx, Vx, and Ex are used as placeholders so the coding scheme can be fixed‑field.